Kansas Administrative Regulations

Regulation Number:92-19-55b
Agency Title: KANSAS DEPARTMENT OF REVENUE
Article Title: Kansas Retailers' Sales Tax
Tax Type:Kansas Retailers' Sales Tax
Brief Description:Operating leases
Keywords:


Body:

92-19-55b. Operating leases. (a) Definitions.
(1) "Financing lease" shall have the meaning specified in K.A.R. 92-19-3a.
(2) "Goods" shall have the meaning as specified in K.A.R. 92-19-3a. For purposes of this regulation, "equipment" may be substituted for the word "goods" whenever equipment rentals or leases are being considered.
(3) "Lease or rental" shall have the meaning specified in K.S.A. 79-3602, and amendments thereto. When used in this regulation, these two terms and their derivatives are synonymous.
(4) "Lessee" shall mean a person who acquires the right to possess or control goods under a lease or rental agreement.
(5) "Lessor" shall mean a person who is engaged in the business of leasing or renting goods to others.
(6) "Operating lease" shall mean a lease agreement that gives the lessee possession or control of goods for a fixed or indeterminate period, while the lessor retains all or substantially all of the risk and rewards of ownership of the goods. This term shall be synonymous with "true lease."
(7) "Primary property location" shall have the meaning specified in K.S.A. 79-3670, and amendments thereto.
(8) "Sales tax" or "tax" shall have the meaning specified in K.A.R. 92-19-3a.
(9) "Transportation equipment" shall have the meaning specified in K.S.A. 79-3670, and amendments thereto. When the term "motor vehicle" or "vehicle" is used, the term shall mean any passenger vehicle, truck, trailer, semitrailer, or truck tractor, as defined in K.S.A. 8-126 and amendments thereto, that is not classified as "transportation equipment" under K.S.A. 79-3670, and amendments thereto.
(b) Operating leases and rentals.
(1) Each agreement that is structured as a lease shall be treated as an operating lease unless the agreement meets the definition of a "financing lease" in K.A.R. 92-19-3a. Any operating-lease agreement may contain a future option to purchase the goods that are being leased or to extend the agreement, or both. Each oral lease shall be treated as an operating lease.
(2) Each person who rents or leases goods at retail for use in Kansas under an operating lease shall be deemed a retailer doing business in this state and shall register with the department and report tax on its taxable receipts as provided in this regulation. If tax is not collected on a taxable charge for a rental or lease, the tax together with interest and penalty may be collected by the department from either the lessor or the lessee.
(3) Each lessor shall collect tax on every taxable rental or lease charge that it bills to its lessees. A lessor shall not forgo this collection duty and elect instead to pay sales tax when the lessor buys goods to rent or lease.
(4) Each recurring periodic payment made under a rental or lease agreement shall be treated as a payment for a separate sales transaction in time units defined by the agreement of the parties. Each recurring periodic payment period under an agreement shall be treated as a complete sale for purposes of determining the following:
(A) Whether tax is required to be collected or paid on a periodic payment because of the enactment of a new tax imposition or exemption;
(B) whether a change in the tax rate applies to a periodic payment;
(C) what the appropriate local tax jurisdiction is when the primary property location is changed from one local taxing jurisdiction in Kansas to another; and
(D) what the appropriate state tax jurisdiction is when the primary property location is changed to Kansas from another state or from Kansas to another state.
(5) If a lease or rental agreement does not require recurring periodic payments to be made, the lump-sum payment shall be treated as a complete sale for purposes of applying exemptions, tax rates, sourcing requirements, and other requirements of the sales tax act to the lease payment. No refund claim shall be allowed or assessment issued that is based on an enactment that takes effect after payment but during the term of this type of lease or rental, unless the enactment specifies otherwise.
(6) Each "rent-to-own" or "rental-purchase" agreement that is subject to the Kansas consumer lease-purchase agreement act, K.S.A. 50-680 et seq. and amendments thereto, shall be treated as an operating lease. A reinstatement fee charged under this type of an agreement shall be taxable.
(7) A rental or lease shall not qualify for exemption as an isolated or occasional sale of goods.
(c) Sourcing receipts from operating leases. Each receipt from the lease or rental of goods shall be sourced according to the following:
(1) Classification of the receipt as a down payment, recurring periodic payment, or a single payment for the entire lease or rental period; and
(2) the type of goods being leased or rented.
Each different type of receipt shall be sourced according to K.S.A. 79-3670 and amendments thereto.
(d) Computation of the tax.
(1) Sales tax shall be computed on the total amount of each lease charge billed to the lessee without any deduction for mandatory insurance, damage waiver fees, property taxes, maintenance, service, repair, pickup, delivery, and other handling charges, administrative charges, late payment charges or penalties, reinstatement fees, late return charges, fuel charges, surcharges, and other charges or expenses whether paid by the lessor or lessee. Each of these fees or expenses shall be considered to be part of a taxable lease charge, even when the fee or expense is separately stated on an invoice given to a lessee or when separate contracts are entered into for the rental or lease and for the payment of one or more of these fees or expenses.
(2) All payments of interest, financing, and carrying charges, and any other payment that a lessee makes to reimburse a lessor for the costs or expenses the lessee incurs under the lease, shall be subject to sales tax whether billed as a separate line-item charge or on a separate invoice.
(3) When a rental or lease agreement has been subject to sales tax, sales tax shall apply to any charge made for either of the following:
(A) The cancellation of the agreement; or
(B) the early return of the rented or leased goods.
(4) Each late return charge that is billed for a customer’s failure to return goods to a rental company or other lessor within the agreed-upon rental or lease term shall be treated as a charge for the customer’s continued possession or control of the goods. This charge shall be subject to sales tax regardless of whether the charge meets any of the following conditions:
(A) Is designated a late return charge, a penalty, or a credit charge;
(B) exceeds the standard rental charge; or
(C) is a flat charge that appears to be a fine.
(e) A lessor’s purchase of goods to rent or lease.
(1) Any registered lessor that rents or leases goods may claim that the goods are purchased for resale when the lessor buys goods for the sole purpose of renting or leasing to others.
(2) A lessor that rents or leases equipment or other goods to others shall not claim the equipment or goods are purchased for resale when the lessor buys the equipment or goods if the lessor engages in a service business that does either of the following:
(A) Uses the equipment or other goods to perform services, in addition to renting or leasing the equipment or goods; or
(B) furnishes the equipment or goods to others with an operator.
(3) If a lessor paid tax when it purchased goods, the payment of tax shall not exempt any subsequent charges that the lessor bills for the rental or lease of the goods and shall not entitle the lessor to claim a credit for the taxes paid. Each lessor that is allowed to claim that goods are purchased for resale as provided in paragraph (e)(1) but paid tax on the purchase of the goods in error shall apply to the department for a refund of the tax.
(4) If a lessor that purchased goods solely for rental or lease later withdraws the goods from its rental or lease inventory for its own occasional use and then returns them to its inventory, the lessor shall accrue sales tax on the regular rental amount that the retailer would charge to a customer for use of the goods under a rental or lease agreement.
(f) Purchases of repair services and repair parts.
(1) A lessor’s purchases of repair services and repair parts for incorporation into the goods or equipment that the lessor uses exclusively to rent or lease shall not be considered to be a retail sale. A lessor’s purchases of oil, grease, filters, lubricants, and similar items that are purchased for use in equipment that the lessor uses exclusively to rent or lease shall not be considered to be a retail sale. Sales tax shall be collected on any charges for these items that are separately billed to a lessee.
(2) The sale of repair services, repair parts, oil, grease, filters, lubricants, and similar items to a rental or lease business for use in equipment in its rental or lease inventory shall be a retail sale if the business uses equipment from its inventory to perform services or if the business furnishes equipment from its inventory to others with an operator.
(g) Furnishing equipment with an operator.
(1) Each charge for furnishing equipment with an operator who will use the equipment to perform services shall be taxed as a service rather than a rental or lease and shall be subject to the impositions on services set forth in K.S.A. 79-3603, and amendments thereto.
(2) Each lessor shall charge and collect sales tax on each lease or rental charge that the lessor bills to a lessee who intends to use the equipment being rented or leased to perform services for others.
(3) When a lessee bills a customer for taxable services that it performed using leased equipment, the lessee shall not deduct or otherwise exclude the lease charges that it paid to the lessor when the lessee bills its customer for the taxable services.
(4) Equipment shall be considered to be leased or rented rather than provided with an operator if the only services the lessor provides are setup, inspection, or maintenance services that are performed on the leased equipment itself.
(h) Disposal of rental or lease inventory. When goods that were purchased for rental or lease are sold at retail, the lessor shall collect sales tax on the full selling price without regard to any tax that has been collected and remitted on receipts from the rental or lease of the goods. The sale of any goods that a retailer makes from its rental or lease inventory shall not qualify as an isolated or occasional sale.
(i) Real property considerations.
(1) If a contract for the rental or lease of real property requires goods, including furniture and restaurant equipment, to be provided to a tenant with real property, no sales tax shall be due on any amount that is separately charged to the tenant for the goods. When a business purchases or leases goods to use to furnish or equip an apartment, office, restaurant, or other real property that the business intends to lease or rent, the sale or lease of the goods to the business shall be considered a retail sale or lease, and the business shall pay sales tax on the purchase price or lease charges as the final user of the goods.
(2) Each rental or lease of goods, including computers, typewriters, and word processors, to a person who obtains the exclusive right to use the goods for a fixed term shall be subject to sales tax even though the goods are attached or affixed to real property, unless the goods are being furnished with the rental or lease of a real property as specified in paragraph (i)(1).
(3) For purposes of determining the taxability of a rental or lease transaction that involves tangible personal property attached to realty, taxability shall be presumed if the property being leased or rented is considered "goods" pursuant to K.S.A. 84-2-107(2), and amendments thereto, unless the goods are being furnished with the rental or lease of real property as specified in paragraph (i)(1).
(j) Exemptions, discounts, and deductions. Any discount, deduction, or exemption may be claimed when a rental or lease of goods or services is entered into if the same discount, deduction, or exemption would be allowed when the same goods or services are sold at retail. When a lessee that makes recurring periodic payments claims entitlement to a new discount, deduction, or exemption that first takes effect during the term of a lease, any discount, deduction, or exemption may be applied to the periodic payments as provided in paragraph (b)(4).
(k) Conditional sales. Each financing lease and other financing transactions shall be taxed as provided in K.A.R. 92-19-3a. (Authorized by K.S.A. 2010 Supp. 75-5155 and 79-3618; implementing K.S.A. 2010 Supp. 79-3602, 79-3603, 79-3604, 79-3618, 79-3669, 79-3670, and 79-3702; effective April 1, 2011.)